Category: Definitions

Caribbean ocean temperatures preserved in 5-million-year-old corals provide clues


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By National Science Foundation May 11, 2017 Scientists are trying to predict the future behavior of El Nino — the formation of warmer-than-usual ocean waters in the equatorial Pacific — by looking back in time. The journal Geology published new findings suggesting that 5 million years ago, El Nino occurred […]

Leftover warm water in Pacific Ocean fueled massive El Niño


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May 9, 2016 Source:American Geophysical Union A new study provides insight into how the current El Niño, one of the strongest on record, formed in the Pacific Ocean. The new research finds easterly winds in the tropical Pacific Ocean stalled a potential El Niño in 2014 and left […]

El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Cycles


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El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) El Niño and La Niña are officially defined as sustained sea surface temperature anomalies of magnitude greater than 0.5°C across the central tropical Pacific Ocean. When the condition is met for a period of less than five months, it is classified as El […]

What is El Niño?


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El Niño and La Niña are officially defined as sustained sea surface temperature anomalies of magnitude greater than 0.5°C across the central tropical Pacific Ocean. When the condition is met for a period of less than five months, it is classified as El Niño or La Niña conditions; […]