Category: Definitions

Indian Ocean influences on Australian climate

Understanding the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) Sea surface temperatures Indian Ocean sea surface temperatures impact rainfall and temperature patterns over Australia. Warmer than average sea surface temperatures can provide more moisture for frontal systems and lows crossing Australia. Indian Ocean Dipole Sustained changes in the difference between sea […]

Impacts of El Niño

Comprehensive list of recent and historical El Niño / La Niña impacts.  Read Reports to the Nation on our Changing Planet: El Niño and Climate Prediction (PDF), and find more impacts information in the FAQs on El Niñoand La Niña. Global Impacts Global effects of El Niño La Niña and Resources from the IRI Wwind, […]

Scientists discover new link to El Niño

January 31, 2018 Variations in Arctic stratospheric ozone can affect the tropospheric climate at middle-to-high latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere and all the way down to the tropics, according to researchers in China. The result suggests a key stepping stone in the known connection between Arctic stratospheric ozone and […]

Understanding the El Niño Costero of 2017: The Definition Problem and Challenges of Climate Forecasting and Disaster Responses

Ivan J. Ramírez, Fernando Briones 13 December 2017 Abstract This preliminary study examines the definition problem and challenges of climate forecasting and disaster responses associated with the El Niño costero (coastal) of 2017, which developed rapidly with no warning and had catastrophic effects in Peru. Such a localized El Niño was not […]