Tag: ENSO

Leftover warm water in Pacific Ocean fueled massive El Niño


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May 9, 2016 Source:American Geophysical Union A new study provides insight into how the current El Niño, one of the strongest on record, formed in the Pacific Ocean. The new research finds easterly winds in the tropical Pacific Ocean stalled a potential El Niño in 2014 and left […]

What is El Niño?


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El Niño and La Niña are officially defined as sustained sea surface temperature anomalies of magnitude greater than 0.5°C across the central tropical Pacific Ocean. When the condition is met for a period of less than five months, it is classified as El Niño or La Niña conditions; […]

El Niño Ready Nations (ENRNs): The Concept


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What is an “El Niño Ready Nation?” A Nation whose government takes El Niño occurrences as serious quasi-periodic threats and seeks to enact policies to protect its citizens, their livelihoods, and properties—both public and private–can be considered an El Niño-ready nation (ENRN).   El Niño is a recurring phenomenon […]