City bracing for El Niño winter rains

Sandbags, hotlines, clearing drainage channels among efforts By David Garrick | 4:23 p.m. Oct. 13, 2015 | Updated, 10:40 a.m. | Oct. 14, 2015 SAN DIEGO — From extra sandbags at all fire stations to more aggressive clearing of clogged drainage channels, San Diego city officials are gearing up […]

El Niño Ready Cities (ENRCs)

Understanding El Niño Ready Cities (ENRCs): Decision Making Under Foreseeability (DMUF) ENSO extremes have slowly but increasingly become a concern to many cities around the globe. It is unclear though how many cities are aware of or concerned about potential threats from an El Niño or La Niña […]

El Niño Ready Nations (ENRNs)

El Niño Ready Nation (ENRN): A Nation whose government takes El Niño occurrences as serious quasi-periodic threats and seeks to enact policies to protect its citizens, their livelihoods, and properties—both public and private–can be considered an El Niño-ready nation (ENRN).   El Niño Ready Cities (ENRCs): ENSO extremes […]